Python is a "scripting" language which has goals of simplicity and legibility. See /Introduction? for more background information, and /SampleCode? for samples of Python. Several /Books? about the language have been published.
The creator of Python advocates its use as a teaching language--see /TeachingBenefits?. One of Python's most controversial features is its use of whitespace to indicate blocks of code. See /IndentBlock? for calm, reasoned discussion about this idea.
Several /Suggestions? have been made for extending Python.
See /MiscComments? for more suggestions.